When should I use cucumber framework? (2023)

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When should I use cucumber framework?

Different types of Cucumber tests include acceptance tests, functional tests, unit tests, and integration tests. You can use Cucumber testing when you want to test an application's functionality or to ensure that different parts of an application are working together as expected.

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Why should we use Cucumber framework?

Cucumber testing provides several benefits, including increased collaboration between developers and business stakeholders, easier maintenance of test cases, and improved test coverage. At their core, these scenarios are written in a human-readable format called Given-When-Then.

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Where we can use Cucumber framework?

Cucumber Framework is used to execute automated acceptance tests written in the “Gherkin” language. Gherkin is a domain-specific language for behavior descriptions. Gherkin is business readable.

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When should we use BDD?

BDD is often used for microservices-based application development. Rather than writing code that can pass a test, as done in test-driven development, developers write code that implements the actual behavior of a particular application service and verify its business logic.

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What is the disadvantage of Cucumber framework?

Slower execution: Cucumber tests can be slower to execute than other test frameworks, which can be a problem for teams with large test suites or tight deadlines. Requires additional resources: Cucumber requires additional resources, such as time and effort, to set up and maintain.

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Why Cucumber is better than Selenium?

Test Scripts are written based on requirements in Selenium but with Cucumber, you start with scenarios first. Selenium scripts are hard to develop whereas Cucumber was easier to develop. Identifying syntax errors is pretty easy while you are developing the script, whereas you cannot find errors in Cucumber.

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Should I use Cucumber for API testing?

Cucumber is not an API automation tool, but it works well with other API automation tools. Using API's for your automation, can make your tests faster and less flaky than going through the UI. In general, API's change less frequently than the UI; keeping your automation up to date for longer.

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How do you explain Cucumber framework in an interview?

Cucumber is a tool based on Behavior Driven Development (BDD) framework which is used to write acceptance tests for a web application. It is written in Ruby. It allows automation of functional validation in an easily readable and understandable format like plain English.

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Can Cucumber be used for agile testing?

Cucumber is a testing framework that allows developers to write and run automated tests using natural language syntax. It follows the BDD (Behavior-Driven Development) approach, which emphasizes collaboration between developers, QA, and non-technical stakeholders to define and validate software requirements.

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Is Cucumber a BDD or TDD?

Cucumber is an automation tool used for automating acceptance tests that are written in BDD(Behaviour driven development) style, in the form of features. In cucumber we have two types of files – a feature file and a step definition file.

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What are the 3 practices of BDD?

The BDD process moves through three phases—discovery, formulation, and automation—where the acceptance criteria are transformed into acceptance tests that are later automated.

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What is the difference between BDD and Cucumber?

Cucumber enables you with behavior-driven development(BDD). BDD enables you to write the scenarios in the plain language you prefer so that it gives more readability to technical and non-technical people. The Selenium-Cucumber framework supports programming languages such as Perl, PHP, Python, . NET, Java, etc.

When should I use cucumber framework? (2023)
What are the 3 components of Cucumber framework?

Cucumber BDD framework mainly consists of three major parts – Feature File, Step Definitions, and the Test Runner File.

Why use Cucumber over JUnit?

The difference is that while JUnit aims at tests, Cucumber aims at collaboration with non technical people. Non technical people will not understand what a unit test does. They will, however, be able to understand and validate an example written in Gherkin. There is more overhead when you use Cucumber.

Is Cucumber for end to end testing?

E2E testing in Cucumber ensures better collaboration, even from the business side of the teams, who can work with developers and QAs to ensure all the user flows are well tested using Cucumber E2E Testing.

What is the difference between TestNG and Cucumber?

When there is a need to test an important feature that needs to be understood by the business stakeholders, Cucumber can be used. To test a technically implemented complex business logic/algorithm where behavior is not a deciding factor TestNG can be used.

What is difference between Cucumber and Gherkin?

Gherkin is a term generally used to refer to a savory pickled cucumber. Gherkins and commercial cucumbers belong to the same species (Cucumis sativus) but are from different cultivar groups.

Can we use Selenium and Cucumber together?

Selenium and Cucumber are a great combination when it comes to web application automation, as Cucumber allows you to write your tests quickly in English-like language and Selenium allows you to run on various combinations of browsers.

Which software should be installed before Cucumber tool?

Install Ruby and DevKit

Step 2) Open the downloaded file. Step 3) In next screen. Step 5) Wait for installation to complete. Step 7) Once installation is complete, Lets Run Ruby!

How do you call REST API in Cucumber?

  1. Step 1: Add Cucumber Dependencies to the Project. Firstly, add the following dependencies to our project to execute our tests in Cucumber: ...
  2. Step 2: Write a test in a Feature File. ...
  3. Step 3: Create a JUnit test runner. ...
  4. Step 4: Write test code to Step file. ...
  5. Step 5: Run the Cucumber Test.
Nov 10, 2021

Does Cucumber need coding?

It allows the test script to be written without knowledge of any code, it allows the involvement of non-programmers as well. It serves the purpose of end-to-end test framework unlike other tools. Due to simple test script architecture, Cucumber provides code reusability.

What is Cucumber in agile?

DevOps Tool – Cucumber is a tool based on Behavior Driven Development (BDD) framework which is used to write acceptance tests for web application. It allows automation of functional validation in easily readable and understandable format (like plain English) to Business Analysts, Developers, Testers, etc.

Can we use Python in cucumber framework?

But now, Cucumber supports a variety of different programming languages including Java, JavaScript, PHP, Net, Python, Perl, etc. with various implementations. In Java, it supports native JUnit.

What language is cucumber framework?

Cucumber was originally written in the Ruby programming language. and was originally used exclusively for Ruby testing as a complement to the RSpec BDD framework. Cucumber now supports a variety of different programming languages through various implementations, including Java and JavaScript.

Can Cucumber be used for database testing?

Cucumber is a testing tool that supports behavior-driven development (BDD). BDD bridges the gap between the stakeholders and technical team through a common platform. Gherkin is used as the language using which the test cases are written. It is a simple format and can also be read and modified by a non-technical user.

What are the two files required to run a Cucumber test?

The following are the files required for a Cucumber framework:
  • Feature File: It has plain text descriptions of single or numerous test situations. Keywords like Then, When, Background, Scenario Outline, Feature, And, But, and so on are used in the tests. ...
  • Step Definition File: It has the extension . java. ...
  • TestRunner: .
Jan 2, 2023

Is Cucumber manual testing?

The scenarios written within CucumberStudio can be manually executed. Once your test run is created (see the instructions to create one), you can start a test execution cycle.

Is Selenium a BDD or TDD?

One of the benefits of using Selenium for test automation is to apply software development processes that improve test-driven development and enable domain-driven, object-oriented analysis. One such development process is a type of test-driven development (TDD) framework known as behavior-driven development (BDD).

What is the difference between selenium and Cucumber?

Selenium is an automation tool for web apps, while Cucumber is an automation tool for behavior-driven development. Selenium executes UI tests while Cucumber does acceptance testing. Selenium script creation is complex while Cucumber is more simple.

Why not to use BDD?

Disadvantages of BDD

Because communications between the user and the developer are essential, if the user if not available, it will be difficult to work past ambiguities and questions generated by the user stories. The second disadvantage is the need to dedicate a team of developers to work with the client.

Who writes BDD scenarios?

Test engineers are typically responsible for writing scenarios while developers are responsible for writing step definitions. However, this doesn't mean that they should be responsible for writing these things in isolation following a discovery meeting — the best approach is a collaborative one.

Is BDD part of Scrum?

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD) Helps in Optimizing the Value of Work Done by Scrum Team. Behavior-Driven Development (BDD) is a well-known practice for collaboration and teams use it to bridge the gap between product management and the software development team.

Is Cucumber BDD easy to learn?

Cucumber is easy to learn framework as it's in a plain meaningful English text.

What is Gherkin Cucumber and Selenium?

Gherkin is the business language we use to write the tests in a “human readable” way. Cucumber ties the Gherkin feature files to the execution code written in Ruby. Cucumber helps us capture test results as well. Selenium is the HTTP driver used to navigate a browser from code.

Which SDLC model is best suited for BDD framework?

BDD is an advanced and faster transformation of traditional SDLC model i.e. Waterfall model.

How do you write a cucumber scenario?

Testing process
  1. Write test scenarios at early stages. Write test scenarios before you start creating test code or at the early stages of development. ...
  2. Don't write in isolation, work as a team. ...
  3. Don't test several rules at a time. ...
  4. Use a reasonable number of scenarios in a feature file. ...
  5. Remove unneeded scenarios.
Jan 19, 2022

What is Gherkin in Cucumber?

What is Gherkin? Gherkin is a set of grammar rules that makes plain text structured enough for Cucumber to understand. The scenario above is written in Gherkin. Gherkin serves multiple purposes: Unambiguous executable specification.

What are hooks in Cucumber?

What are Hooks in Cucumber? Cucumber supports hooks, which are blocks of code that run before or after each scenario. You can define them anywhere in your project or step definition layers, using the methods @Before and @After.

How do you explain a Cucumber project?

Cucumber is a testing framework that supports Behavior Driven Development (BDD). It is written in plain English text called Gherkin. It is defined as a scenario of inputs, actions and outcomes. Gherkin interprets human input into the software concept of input/process and actions.

Can we use both TestNG and Cucumber?

Cucumber can be executed in parallel using TestNG and Maven test execution plugins by setting the dataprovider parallel option to true. In TestNG the scenarios and rows in a scenario outline are executed in multiple threads. One can use either Maven Surefire or Failsafe plugin for executing the runners.

Why Selenium and Cucumber should not be used together?

When we get to System Integration Testing or UI Testing, it is best to use Selenium without the underlying Cucumber framework as trying to write Cucumber feature files for user journeys, can get very cumbersome and would not serve the purpose the tool is built for.

Why we use Cucumber framework in Selenium?

Cucumber framework in Selenium allows test scenarios to be written using natural language constructs that describe the expected behavior of the software for a given scenario, making it ideal for user acceptance testing.

Which of the following are advantages of Cucumber?

7 Health Benefits of Eating Cucumber
  • It's High in Nutrients. Cucumbers are low in calories but high in many important vitamins and minerals. ...
  • It Contains Antioxidants. ...
  • It Promotes Hydration. ...
  • It May Aid in Weight Loss. ...
  • It May Lower Blood Sugar. ...
  • It Could Promote Regularity. ...
  • Easy to Add to Your Diet.
Feb 28, 2023

What are the advantage framework design that can be used with Cucumber?

7) Name any two testing framework that can be integrated with Cucumber? TestNG and Junit can be easily integrated with Cucumber.

What is the main advantage of BDD framework?

A particular advantage of the BDD framework is that it is more convenient to replicate automated tests in a reusable and data-driven manner. It is achieved by: Using Background in your scenarios: It is always the best practice to put steps that are repeated in every scenario into the Background.

Why Maven is used in Cucumber?

Maven is a automation build tool and is widely used for Java projects. It is mainly used in managing dependencies through pom. xml. Suppose you want to upgrade the JAR files and in your project you are using version 1.25 for Cucumber-Java dependency.

What are 2 uses of cucumber?

Antioxidants such as beta carotene in cucumbers can help fight free radicals in your body, unpaired electrons that damage cells and can lead to disease. Cucumbers may also have health benefits outside your body. Putting them on your skin may help ease sunburn pain, swelling, and damaged skin.

How do you explain cucumber framework in an interview?

Cucumber is a tool based on Behavior Driven Development (BDD) framework which is used to write acceptance tests for a web application. It is written in Ruby. It allows automation of functional validation in an easily readable and understandable format like plain English.

What is the difference between Gherkin and Cucumber testing?

Gherkin is Cucumber's language parser, which allows software behaviours to be specified in a logical language that people can understand. This means that Cucumber feature documentation is written in business-facing text that is non-technical and human readable for stakeholders like business analysts and managers.

Why BDD is preferred over other typical frameworks?

Things like logging, dependency injection, and cleanup shouldn't interfere with test cases. BDD frameworks provide hooks to insert extra logic for these concerns around steps, scenarios, features, and even the whole test suite. Hooks can squeeze into steps because the framework is structured around steps.


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